Articular Cartilage Disorders and Injuries

 

Articular cartilage is a type of hyaline cartilage. It covers the areas of the bones where they come together to form a joint, and provides smooth and fluid motion. The joint is enclosed from all sides by a joint capsule. The most essential thing to remember is that no blood vessels can reach the articular cartilage. The tissue’s nourishment and general metabolism is instead achieved through an off-white colored blood plasma dialysate known as synovial fluid. The fluid can be found in every joint and is secreted by structures found along the inner wall of any joint capsule. This process is greatly dependent on the movement and exertion of the joints, as these activities stimulate the secretion and renewal of synovial fluid. In other words, physical activity is paramount to the good condition of the joints, and more specifically of the joint’s articular cartilage. Typically, trauma to this structure has a positive outcome with proper treatment and physical therapy. This is not the case however for degenerative changes of the articular cartilage, where the process is irreversible. Nevertheless, with the aid of the specialized exercises offered by Play Reha, the degenerative process can be significantly slowed.

Programs
Total Knee Arthroplasty / Total Knee Replacement
Dr. Vladimir Stefanov
MD, Orthopedic Traumatologist at MMA, Sofia
Rehabilitation After Total Knee Arthroplasty
Dr. Nikolay Tivchev
M.D., Chief of Othopedics and Traumatology at Serdika Hospital
Gonarthrosis (Osteoarthritis of the Knee)
Dr. Nikolay Tivchev
M.D., Chief of Othopedics and Traumatology at Serdika Hospital
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